Lens Types :  Which lens do you prefer?

Lens Types : Which lens do you prefer?

The huge range of lens types available in the market confuses almost everyone. What are the types of lenses? What are the image qualities of those lenses? How can you use those lenses to take which kind of photos? We are going to present you the answer to these questions.If you have read out earlier article on basic understanding of DSLR lens , this article will be an update with more in-depth information of different Lens types on photography.


Zoom lens:


You can vary the focal length and get varieties of photo compositions without the need to change the lenses. This is helpful in the ‘shoot and run’ photography or photojournalism. Zoom lens is also called ‘Variable Focal Length Lens’. When you look at the subject from the view finder, the angle of view changes, which is determined by the focal length and then, the size of the subject is seen smaller or larger accordingly. Zoom lenses are described by the ratio of the longest to shortest focal lengths. A zoom lens with focal length 200mm-600mm can be described as 2:6 lens. But it doesn’t mean that you don’t need to move while shooting with zoom lenses, you should! Most of the zoom lenses are 30mm-100mm, 45mm-135mm, 50mm-300mm, 70mm-220mm, 75mm-230mm, 200mm-600mm. You can find zoom lenses in a reasonable price. You needn’t load yourself with many lenses when you have a zoom lens. So, shooting is easier and fun too.

Mirror lens:


This lens is called a mirror lens because the light isn’t directly reflected but gets reflected from the mirror to the lens and then finally reaches the film. These lenses are quite small and light weighted. It also gives you optimal focal length. That’s why it is ideal for wildlife photography or sports photography. You don’t need to worry about chromatic aberration with this lens. Although the overall sharpness of the image you get from this lens is dull, you can get a mirror lens in a very low price and its fun to use.






Macro lens:


If you want a lens which will let you shoot the objects real close, you should go for a macro lens. This lens gives you large images of the tiny objects. It lets you close focus the subject without the need of moving too close to it. It’s a very useful lens because you can use it at the times when you want to shoot a subject like a bird or an insect, but cannot go very close to it as it might fly or hop away. They are very handy and useful but might not always be everyone’s choice due its expensive price.




Teleconverter lens:


Have you ever wondered if you had a lens with a little longer focal length? But getting one is way out of your budget! Here, we have solution for you. You can get yourself a teleconverter lens. This isn’t exactly lens but a device. It is an optical fitting between the camera body and the lens. Whatever lens you have on the camera, you can increase the focal length by just fitting the teleconverter between them. Teleconverter basically comes in 1.4x, 2x and 3x. Economically, a very wise choice to go with, teleconverter is basically used in telelenses.



Fisheye lens:


While most of the wide angle rectilinear lenses can only capture up to 100 degrees, fisheye lenses can take that to 180 degrees. The object in the centre looks huge and the rest of the objects surrounding it will curve. There are two types of fisheye lenses; circular fish eye lens and rectangular fisheye lens. The circular fisheye lens, which is used for giving special effects to the image and simple photography, gives curves in the image at the edges whereas rectangular fisheye lens, which is used for scientific purposes, gives a normal rectangular image.





Kit lens:


The lenses we given as a package with the DSLR camera we buy are generally known as kit lenses. Kit lenses are basic and simple photography lenses for daily shooting. It is a beginner level photography lens. We can always upgrade our lenses beginning photography from kit lenses.

Prime lenses:


The lens which has just one focal length is known as prime lens. But they come in all focal lengths ranging from wide angle ones to long telephoto lenses. Prime lenses let you see images more clearly and easily compared to the zoom lenses. Because of their simple construction, prime lenses are light weighted and small. You don’t need to carry all the lenses ranging from 15mm to 400mm with you every time you go out. A 55-250mm zoom lens at 125mm might shoot as good as a 125mm prime lens, but it won’t go well at 55mm or 250mm. you’ll need a prime lens for better quality picture. You could carry just three prime lenses and that would be enough! Prime lenses are great for the people beginning with photography. You don’t need to move near to the subject with the zoom lens. But prime lenses make you move around which lets you think more about framing the subject. As you use fixed lenses for a while, you’ll get used to its field of view. So this lens lets you wander around resulting in leaving behind better pictures.Read our 5 reason to buy a prime lens to get a better in-depth feature of prime lens.

Tilt Shift Lens:


Tilt shift lens allows you overstep the normal restrictions of the depth of field and control the perspective in the image. It is all about tilting the lens at an angle to the sensor to change the orientation of the plane of focus (PoF). If you want to shoot a tall tower, you stand at the base level. Our field of view doesn’t let us capture the entire tower in the frame and half of the frame is wasted with the image of the ground occupying it. If the sensor was a bit larger, that would make the field of view bigger and we could capture the whole tower. So, shifting the lens relatively to the centre changes the PoF, resulting in capturing the entire tower and eliminating the ground from the frame too. Suppose you are shooting roads, which is not parallel to the lens. If you tilt the lens, the plane of sharp focus is tilted as well. So, you get a much sharper focus as it no longer lies perpendicular to the lens axis. Tilt and shift lenses are very expensive ones but many of what tilt shift lens does cannot be done digitally.


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About author

Anup Ghimire
Anup Ghimire 60 posts

Anup ghimire is a self learned Photographer/Designer and recently graduated in multimedia technologies from London metropolitan university.Traveling is something he loves the most after photography. You can see some of his photos at his facebook photography page https://www.facebook.com/intomyviewfinder

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